Stroke, every minute is precious to save a life

According to data from the WHO Global Health Observatory (GHO), heart disease and ischemic strokes are the leading causes of death in the world. Stroke affects over 15 million people a year worldwide, causing 6.7 million deaths.

What is a stroke? What are the main risk factors? How to prevent it?

Stroke is brain damage and occurs when there is not enough brain blood supply due to the occlusion or rupture of a brain vessels. Prompt action is a key to avoid serious consequences. Depending on the damaged part of the brain, one can have paralysis of the limbs or part of the body, difficulty with language and / or reasoning.

The main risk factors are represented byhypertension (expert advice is to monitor the pressure especially if there is a family predisposition), from the abuse of alcohol and smoking. Therefore the primary prevention, that is a healthy diet, to carry out a regular physical activity and not smoking, is the first action to avoid the onset of the stroke as explained by the guidelines of the American Heart Association. According to the data of the Global Health Observatory (GHO) WHO, cardiopathies and ischemic strokes are the main causes of death in the world. Stroke affects over 15 million people a year worldwide, causing 6.7 million deaths.

Prevention and speed of rescue. Quick intervention is essential to reduce the risk of permanent disability and death.

The main signs that suggest a stroke are:

- Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body;

- Sudden confusion, speaking disability or incapacity to understand the words;

- vision problems;

- sudden headache, dizziness, loss of balance or lack of coordination;

You could safe a life if you recognize immediately the symptoms of stroke. 

For the Centers for disease prevention and control (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC), an important governmental health control body in the United States, the keyword is FAST:

Face,

Arms,

Speech

Time.

How to recognize stroke symptoms? 

This video by US Department of Health and Human Service Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, shows how you can do it.  

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